Documents are notarized to deter fraud and to ensure proper execution. It is the responsibility of the notary public to ensure that the signers have appeared before them and have produced proper identification. The Notary Public officiates at the signing and insures that the documents are signed correctly.
A Commissioner of Oaths is to administer oaths whereby a person signs a document under oath and the document is to be used in Singapore. This includes affirmation of affidavits or the evidence in question to be used in Singapore court or the statutory documents to be taken or received in Singapore. The Commissioner of Oaths takes care that the person standing before him/her has thoroughly read the document and is fully acquainted with the contents of thereof.
The charges payable to Commissioner for Oaths are also prescribed by the Board.
Oath: A swear or a vow on the subject of truth of statements or facts provided by the maker of oath.
Affirmation: It has almost same legal power as the oaths made by persons of different religions, like Hindu, Muslim or any other and is with respect to the oaths.
Affidavit: It is a written sworn statement or information of facts that is drafted by the deponent.
Statutory Declaration: It is the statement drafted to establish an entity or any statement to be true for the purpose of satisfying any legal proceedings or requirements. These statements are not vowed or sworn.
The requirement of a Commissioner of Oath and affirmations may be required because of the following reasons:
1. If you are giving evidence or proof on the affidavit for any court or legal proceeding in Singapore.
2. If you are constituting a declaration, affirmations, examination, attestation or acknowledgement to be required for the purpose of registering the documents or for the purpose of the court proceedings.
Legalization is the process of proper authentication or screening of documents by the high commission, the embassy or the consulate (as the case may be) of the country in which the document is to be used after it is attested by a Notary Public in Singapore. It is the official confirmation of the originality of the documents, i.e. confirmation that the stamp, seal or the signature showing on the document is genuine. Hence, the document executed in Singapore for use, for instance in Dubai would be legalized by the UAE Embassy. In United States of America and many other countries, the process of legalization is also referred to as ‘Consularisation’.
This process of legalization can be a reason for delay in international transactions or litigation processes. Therefore, there is an international treaty, known as the Hague Convention, ‘Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents, 1961’. Within this treaty, all documents, including the notary acts, which have been carried out in the province of the contracting state and which have to be produced in another contracting state do not need to be legalized. Rather, a simple certificate, called the ‘Apostille’ will be adequate for all the formalities. This certificate can be issued in the prescribed form from the competent authority of the state from where the document is derived or originated from.
However, Singapore is not a party to the Hague Convention. Hence in Singapore, legalization of the document has to be procured for certain documents to be used overseas.
Legalization of documents is very important for business or personal matters where pertinent business related documents or personal documents required overseas are to be attested or certified as original or true copy. For this, a notary certificate issued and signed by the notary public is duly authenticated by the Singapore Academy of Law and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs along with the receiving country’s high commission, embassy or consular office.
In Singapore legalization is a complete chain involving few steps. It is very important to follow each and every step properly to get the proper authentication of the documents.
This is done by the notary public by signing on the document and issuing a Notarial Certificate and affixing the notary seal thereon. The notary public is to witness the signature of a person signing a document or certify a document as original or true copy.
This process is done by the Singapore Academy of Law (SAL) whereby the SAL confirms that the Notary Public is duly appointed by the Board.
This is the third process under which the documents authenticated by the SAL are further presented before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for taking the documents forward for legalization process.
Finally, legalization, is done by the high commission, embassy or the consulate of the relevant country located in Singapore. The main aim of this process is another round of verification of the documents. Each high commission, embassy or consulate has its own requirements for legalization. Some may only require a fee while others may have some other requirements. The person submitting the documents for legalization has to check with that relevant body for its requirements.
This four step verification process is very crucial, especially when you have to deal with any cross-border legal or business related transactions. These processes give confirmation that the documents are thoroughly signed, stamped, verified and sealed by top levels of Singapore and the relevant body of the country where the documents are to be used.
A Notary Public in Singapore deals in the complete range of notarial services required by individuals and private businesses pertaining to documents for use overseas. A Notary Public is an Advocate and Solicitor with several years of experience and a good work profile and is appointed by the Board of Commissioners for Oath and Public Notaries (“the Board’).
A notary helps in defining the documents as authentic for their accurate usage and also certifies them as the original or true copies.
It is mandatory for a Notary Public to issue a notarial certificate when witnessing signatures or certifying documents as original or true copies. The Notary Public will sign all documents and affix the notary seal thereon.
Apart from this, they also help in obtaining public documents such as incorporation certificates, marriage certificates, birth certificates and business profiles.
The fees payable for the various notarial services are fixed by the Singapore Academy of Law. The notary can charge an additional fee for other related services including personal attendance.
A Notary Public in Singapore deals in the complete range of notarial services required by individuals and private businesses pertaining to documents for use overseas. A Notary Public is an Advocate and Solicitor with several years of experience and a good work profile and is appointed by the Board of Commissioners for Oath and Public Notaries (“the Board’).A notary helps in defining the documents as authentic for their accurate usage and also certifies them as the original or true copies.It is mandatory for a Notary Public to issue a notarial certificate when witnessing signatures or certifying documents as original or true copies. The Notary Public will sign all documents and affix the notary seal thereon.Apart from this, they also help in obtaining public documents such as incorporation certificates, marriage certificates, birth certificates and business profiles.
1. Proof of identity
2. Original Documents to be notarised
3. For copies to be certified true, both the original documents
If a document has to be legalized, our team is able to assist with the 4 steps required for legalization of documents for a reasonable fee.